Juneteenth, also known as Freedom Day or Emancipation Day, is a significant holiday in American history. On June 19, 1865, Union soldiers arrived in Galveston, Texas, with the news that the Civil War had ended and enslaved individuals were now free. This momentous occasion marked the official emancipation of enslaved African Americans in the United States. Today, Juneteenth is celebrated nationwide as a day to honor the struggles and triumphs of the Black community. In this article, we will delve into the rich history of Juneteenth, explore its importance, and shed light on the ongoing fight for justice, including the disproportionate incarceration of Black individuals for cannabis-related crimes and the efforts of the Last Prisoner Project in advocating for prison reform.

The History of Juneteenth

The Emancipation Proclamation, issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, declared "that all persons held as slaves" in Confederate territory "shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free." However, due to the enforcement challenges during the Civil War, the proclamation did not reach enslaved individuals in certain parts of the country immediately.

It was not until June 19, 1865, that Major General Gordon Granger and his troops arrived in Galveston, Texas, to enforce the emancipation of enslaved people. The announcement of freedom on that day, known as Juneteenth, was a pivotal moment, representing the last stronghold of slavery in the United States. The joy and jubilation of that day reverberated throughout the country, marking the end of a dark era and the dawn of a new chapter.

A celebration of Emancipation Day in Richmond, Virginia, c. 1905.​​

Importance of Juneteenth

Juneteenth carries immense historical and cultural significance for the Black community and the nation as a whole. It symbolizes freedom, resilience, and the ongoing struggle for equality. This holiday serves as a powerful reminder of the hardships endured by African Americans and their unwavering commitment to justice.

By celebrating Juneteenth, we honor the sacrifices of those who fought for freedom and the countless contributions of African Americans to the fabric of American society. It is a day for reflection, education, and advocacy, serving as a catalyst for positive change and the pursuit of a more inclusive and equitable nation.

Disproportionate Incarceration and Cannabis-related Crimes

While Juneteenth represents progress and liberation, it also highlights the persistent challenges faced by the Black community, including racial disparities in the criminal justice system. One area where these disparities are glaringly evident is the disproportionate incarceration of Black individuals for cannabis-related offenses.

Despite similar usage rates across racial groups, Black Americans are nearly four times more likely to be arrested for cannabis possession compared to their white counterparts. This disparity is deeply rooted in systemic racism, perpetuating an unjust cycle of imprisonment and hindering social and economic progress for many Black individuals and communities.

The Last Prisoner Project: Advocating for Prison Reform

In the fight for justice and prison reform, the Last Prisoner Project has emerged as a leading organization committed to redressing the inequities of the criminal justice system, particularly for individuals incarcerated for nonviolent cannabis offenses.

The Last Prisoner Project focuses on three key areas: release, reentry, and record relief. Through partnerships with legal teams, they provide legal representation and advocacy to secure the release of individuals serving time for cannabis-related crimes that are now legal or have been reformed. They also offer support services to ensure successful reentry into society and actively work towards expungement of criminal records related to cannabis offenses.

Their work encompasses collaboration with lawmakers, industry leaders, and community members to push for comprehensive criminal justice reform, addressing not only the legalization and decriminalization of cannabis but also the retroactive application of these changes to individuals previously convicted. By highlighting the stories of those affected by cannabis-related incarceration, the Last Prisoner Project raises awareness about the human cost of outdated drug policies. They strive to shift public perception and create a more compassionate and equitable approach to drug offenses, emphasizing rehabilitation and restorative justice over punishment.

The Last Prisoner Project recognizes that the fight for justice extends beyond the release of individuals from prison. They provide critical support during the reentry process, connecting formerly incarcerated individuals with resources for housing, employment, education, and mental health services. This comprehensive approach aims to break the cycle of recidivism and ensure a successful transition back into society.

Moreover, the Last Prisoner Project actively engages in advocacy campaigns, collaborating with other organizations and individuals who share their vision of a fair and just criminal justice system. By amplifying the voices of those directly impacted, they strive to create lasting policy changes that address the systemic inequalities perpetuated by cannabis-related incarceration.

As we commemorate Juneteenth, it is crucial to recognize the intersections between historical struggles for freedom and the ongoing fight for justice in marginalized communities. The Last Prisoner Project embodies the spirit of Juneteenth by working tirelessly to dismantle unjust systems and uplift those affected by the disproportionate impact of cannabis-related arrests and convictions.


Uniting for Change: Supporting Last Prisoner Project on Juneteenth

Juneteenth represents a significant milestone in the quest for freedom and equality. It reminds us of the resilience and strength of the Black community in the face of adversity. However, it is also a solemn reminder of the work that remains to be done to achieve true justice and equity for all.

The Last Prisoner Project stands as a beacon of hope, advocating for the rights and liberation of individuals incarcerated for cannabis-related offenses. By addressing the disproportionate incarceration of Black individuals and promoting comprehensive prison reform, this organization strives to rectify the injustices perpetuated by the criminal justice system.

On this Juneteenth, let us honor the past, celebrate progress, and commit ourselves to continue the fight for a more inclusive and just society. By supporting initiatives like the Last Prisoner Project, we can actively contribute to dismantling systemic barriers and creating a future where freedom, equality, and justice are truly attainable for all. As a demonstration of our commitment, BATCH will be donating 19% of all proceeds on Juneteenth to the Last Prisoner Project, hoping to further the cause of prison reform and support individuals who have been affected by cannabis-related incarcerations.


  1. "Juneteenth." History.com. https://www.history.com/news/what-is-juneteenth
  2. "What Is Juneteenth?" https://www.juneteenth.com/history/
  3. "The War on Marijuana in Black and White" American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). https://www.aclu.org/report/report-war-marijuana-black-and-white?redirect=criminal-law-reform/war-marijuana-black-and-white
  4. "About the Last Prisoner Project." Last Prisoner Project. https://www.lastprisonerproject.org/about
  5. "Our Work." Last Prisoner Project. https://www.lastprisonerproject.org/our-work
June 16, 2023 — Griffin Lynch

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