CBN Vs. CBD: Differences, Benefits, Uses, and More
As we look for additional insight into the human mind and body, we often come into dilemmas we can’t reach alone. We reach out to our doctors for advice, but often our own research yields important results to reinforce future discussions. That’s why we’ve compiled some top differences, benefits, and uses of CBN vs. CBD products.
What’s the difference between CBD and CBN?
CBD stands for Cannabidiol and one type of cannabinoid that is found in the hemp/cannabis plant.
Whereas, CBN stands for Cannabinol and is another type of cannabinoid also found in the hemp/cannabis plant. To round it up, they are both cannabinoid types and impact the endocannabinoid system, but differ in popularity and use.
While they sound almost exactly the same, there are marked differences as listed below.
CBN is growing in use as researchers and manufacturers work to perfect the offerings from the cannabis plant. In fact, there are more than 100 cannabinoid types that come from the cannabis plant. This means that there is a range of cannabis offerings from those with psychoactive effects to those with no psychoactive effects.
To obtain CBN, manufacturers must go through a process called decarboxylation, which involves taking raw cannabis and exposing it to oxygen and heat for a period of time. The CBN forms after the THC has been broken down thanks to the exposure of that heat, air, and light over time. This process is similarly found in nature as the cannabis plant naturally transfers THC to CBN as it ages.
It’s important to note that manufacturers use decarboxylation in a controlled environment rather than letting the plant age on its own. This ensures that purity and consistency measures are met and what results is a product with the highest efficacy possible.
Always be sure to check a product’s lab certifications to ensure that quality measures are taken.
What are the benefits and uses of CBN?
According to Forbes Health, InMed Pharmaceuticals is taking steps to research how CBN and other cannabinoids affect the body. While more research is needed, CBN may have potential benefits including:
Anti-inflammatory purposes for skin conditions (such as for diseases that cause the skin to blister or chronic wounds prolonged by inflammation). This is still ongoing research.
Glaucoma - In studies topical CBN was found to treat certain retinal cells and exhibits neuroprotective abilities.
Chronic Muscle Pain - In 2019, a study on rats found that CBN (and CBD) decreased muscle sensitization.
Effects of CBN
CBN still needs additional research to determine its effects. Often effects differ depending on the strain and user. Some allude to CBN as creating a sedative effect, but this is often attributed to a more calming, sleepy effect after use. While there is no THC (which means no psychoactive effects) the age of the CBN pulled may have an impact on the intended effect.
This is due to the other cannabinoids that can be found (along with terpenes and flavonoids), which have an impact on an individual’s effect.
What are the benefits and uses of CBD?
In contrast, CBD has become the better known cannabinoid choice for many users from those with issues managing pain to chronic mental disorders like anxiety. In fact, CBD has been FDA-approved for treating two types of epilepsy to reduce the frequency of seizures. However, the benefits and uses of CBD also include:
Chronic Pain - A 2018 study found that 15 of 18 trials demonstrated a significant analgesic effect of cannabinoids when compared to a placebo. A portion of patients also self-reported a 30% reduction in pain intensity (based on a scale of 0-10).
Epilepsy - CBD has actually been approved for use with two medications for helping with seizures.
Anxiety - Existing preclinical evidence strongly supports CBD as a treatment for generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, OCD, and PTSD when administered acutely. They mention that the research is lacking for chronic CBD dosing with more data suggesting that acute dosing may be successful for patients.
- High Blood Pressure - In 2017, researchers found that an acute administration of CBD (600 mg of CBD) can reduce resting blood pressure and even blood pressure associated with stress and an increase in heart rate.
Effects of CBD
CBD is not intoxicating and does not cause a psychoactive effect due to its lack of THC. THC is responsible for that high feeling, which makes CBD a better alternative for those looking for a milder effect. It is much more calming in intention and perhaps even better for managing use during the day.
CBD vs CBN: Side Effects
Side effects often differ from person to person, but any side effect should be monitored closely. For example, start small with any new CBD or CBN product and see how you feel after a few hours or even a day after use. This will ensure that you will tolerate the product and you can also monitor your mood or symptoms if using it to treat a condition. However, it’s still best to discuss options and disease states with your physician before starting on your own.
It’s generally reported that CBD and CBN have similar reported side effects among users including
Nausea and/or vomiting
Dizziness and/or drowsiness
Sleepiness (more common with CBN use)
Is CBD and CBN legal?
Yes. They are both considered legal in most states due to the 2018 Farm Bill. This bill was introduced to specify how much hemp was deemed legal to use. Anything under 0.3% THC is considered legal to possess, sell, and consume.
However, any product over 0.3% THC is still considered to be marijuana and is federally illegal. It’s important to check your state guidelines to better understand how your state classifies CBD products in relation to the legal percentage of products containing THC.
If a CBD product is over 0.3% THC then it is classified as a Schedule I controlled substance according to the FDA. This means that anything over that amount is not federally legal and the regulation goes state by state then.
How To Best Use CBD and CBN
CBD is a popular choice for many users, but CBN has also proven to be popular as well. So much so, that more research is being conducted on something called the entourage effect, which occurs when different products (with different cannabinoids) are used together to provide a better balanced intended effect.
This was seen in a recent study which combined CBD and CBN to treat pain in rats. Additional research may suggest that different cannabinoids reach higher efficacy when paired together.
However, for the time being and for your potential use here are a few CBD options in various formulations to check out. Maybe you’re a fan of gummies, but looking to try a tincture. Or, a topical sounds like the way to go. There’s definitely a formulation for whatever your preference may be.
Nighttime CBD + CBN Gummies - These gummies are meant to enhance your rest before bed.
25 mg of full-spectrum CBD oil
15 mg of CBN
25 mg of Passion Flower Extract
50 mg of L-Theanine per gummy
CBD Softgels - Enjoy the benefits of Full-Spectrum CBD in a familiar soft gel. Easy dosing and no taste make this an easy addition to your wellness routine. 25 mg CBD per softgel. 60 soft gels per container.
CBD Balm: Original - An upgraded formulation from the popular WI Hemp Scientific CBD Body Balm. Now with organic jojoba oil, more CBD, and a no-mess twist-up applicator. It’s as convenient as it is effective. 1250 mg of rich Wisconsin Full Spectrum CBD, you can't go wrong with this BATCH staple. 2.5 oz / 75 mL.
Boosted with lavender and tea tree oils to calm irritated areas.
Enriched with jojoba oil and essential oils for quick absorption.
Easy to use 2.5 oz twist-up packaging. No messy hands!
Subtle fresh scent of lavender, tea tree, and eucalyptus.
Original CBD Oil Tincture - This OG batch propelled BATCH to become the trusted CBD brand that it is today. This Original formula is carefully designed as a highly effective, all-purpose CBD solution to improve your wellness. Original Terpene Blend: Limonene, Caryophyllene, Linalool.
While there are plenty of other options to choose from, these are some top choices in a variety of formulations. Whether you like tinctures, gummies, softgels, or topicals, there’s a CBD (and CBN) option. For more tincture types and additional resources, check out our BATCH blog.
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