A Guide To The Key Differences Between THC And CBD
Cannabis has been used for centuries for both medicinal and recreational purposes. In recent years, more and more people have turned to cannabis as well as cannabinoids from hemp to help them manage a variety of health issues.
Two of the most popular compounds found in the cannabis sativa plant are THC and CBD. Understanding the differences between the two can help you make an informed decision about which one is right for you.
In this guide, we’ll explore the differences between THC and CBD, including their effects, medical benefits, and legal status. We’ll also discuss how to choose which one is right for you and answer some common questions about the two compounds.
Discover the key differences between THC and CBD for yourself with BATCH’s potent CBD products. Shop Now!
What Is CBD?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a natural compound found in the hemp plant. One of many compounds known as cannabinoids, today’s consumers turn to CBD to experience a wide range of purported health benefits. There are several types of CBD in different concentrations and flavors to enjoy. Let’s take a closer look at CBD and what you need to know as you shop around for your first product!
Types Of CBD
CBD’s popularity has resulted in major innovations in the industry. Today, there are several types of CBD products available for you to test for yourself before you settle on your favorites. You can find plenty of these different products right here at BATCH! Here’s an overview of some of the most prominent CBD formats.
CBD Oil Tinctures
CBD oil tinctures come in a variety of flavors and concentrations. They are typically made by combining CBD extract with a carrier oil, such as MCT or hemp oil, although some may contain alcohol. Tinctures are easy to use and can be taken sublingually (under the tongue) or added to food and beverages.
CBD capsules or CBD softgels come in pre-measured doses. They are easy to take and provide a consistent dose of CBD with each serving. Some CBD capsules are made of a compressed CBD powder while others are soft gels containing CBD oil.
CBD edibles are arguably one of the more popular forms of CBD consumption. Edibles are typically made by combining CBD extract with food-grade ingredients. Popular CBD edibles include gummies, chocolates, and hard candies. Today, you can even find exciting CBD edibles like CBD drinks.
CBD creams and other topical products are used to target localized areas experiencing feelings of discomfort. Topical CBD products are typically made by combining CBD extract with a carrier oil, lotion, or other similar ingredients.
Benefits Of CBD
CBD has exploded in the health and wellness industry. While more research needs to be done to definitively state CBD’s benefits, there is a growing body of research and anecdotal evidence that point to some key health benefits that could make it a valuable asset in your daily wellness regimen. Here’s what you may receive when you try CBD for yourself.
One of the main reasons why people take CBD is that it’s believed to reduce inflammation. For those coping with arthritis or other forms of chronic pain, this benefit may make it easier for them to navigate their daily lives. Just make sure you speak with your doctor prior to taking CBD to learn about possible interactions and determine whether or not it’s for you.
Reduces Anxiety and Depression
CBD is also said to be effective in treating anxiety and depression. Some studies have shown that CBD has anti-anxiety and antidepressant properties, which can help reduce the symptoms of these disorders. It has also been found to be potentially beneficial in treating insomnia, as it can help regulate sleep patterns. (1)
What Is THC?
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is one of the most well-known and studied compounds found in cannabis. It is a psychoactive compound that produces the “high” associated with marijuana use. It is the most abundant cannabinoid found in cannabis (different from hemp, which has much lower levels of THC) and is responsible for most of the plant’s effects.
THC works by interacting with cannabinoid receptors in the body and brain. These receptors are a component of the endocannabinoid system, which controls various body processes like appetite, mood, memory, and pain. THC has various effects when it binds to these receptors, such as sedation, pleasure, and altered perception.
Much like with CBD, THC comes in several different forms and offers a variety of benefits. Let’s look at THC to understand better how it differs from CBD.
Types Of THC
THC is available in many different forms, and each form of THC has its own unique properties and effects.
The most common types of THC include:
- Delta-9 THC: This is the most common form of THC and the one most often associated with the psychoactive effects of cannabis. It is found in most cannabis products and is the most potent form of THC.
- Delta-8 THC: This is a less common form of THC that is found in some cannabis products and one cannabinoid that has grown in popularity because it is not subject to the same federal ban as Delta-9. It is believed to be less potent than Delta-9 THC, but still produces psychoactive effects.
- THCA (Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid): This is the non-psychoactive form and precursor of THC. It is converted to Delta-9 THC when heated.
- THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin): This is a rare form of THC that is found in some cannabis products. It is known to produce psychoactive effects and is generally associated with energy, motivation, and alertness rather than the sedation typically associated with THC.
Each type of THC produces different effects and can be used for different purposes. It is important to understand the differences between each type of THC in order to make an informed decision when using cannabis products.
Benefits Of THC
You’ll find that THC actually shares many of the same benefits that CBD is believed to promote. Here are some of the key benefits that cannabis users rely on whether they’re using THC medically or recreationally.
THC has been found to be an effective pain reliever, particularly for those suffering from chronic pain. Studies have found that THC can reduce pain by binding to the CB1 receptor in the brain, which reduces the perception of pain. It has also been found to reduce inflammation, which can further reduce pain. (2)
THC has been found to have anti-inflammatory effects, which can reduce symptoms of inflammatory conditions such as arthritis. Studies have found that THC can reduce inflammation by suppressing the activity of pro-inflammatory cytokines, which are molecules that promote inflammation. (3)
THC has also been found to have anti-anxiety effects. Studies have found that THC can reduce anxiety by binding to the CB1 receptor in the brain, which reduces the activity of the neurotransmitter GABA, a chemical responsible for regulating anxiety. (However, it’s important to note that it can have the opposite effect, increasing anxiety and paranoia in some users.)
It has also been found to increase the activity of the neurotransmitter serotonin, which is responsible for regulating mood and happiness. (4)
Other Potential Benefits
In addition to the aforementioned benefits, THC has also been found to have potential benefits for those suffering from certain medical conditions. For instance, it has been found to be effective at reducing nausea/vomiting and stimulating appetite. It has also been found to reduce muscle spasms and improve sleep quality.
THC vs. CBD: Key Differences
When it comes to cannabinoids, THC and CBD are two of the most popular and well-known substances that people incorporate into their daily lives. While they have many similarities, there also have some key differences to keep in mind.
Knowing the differences between these two compounds can help you make an informed decision when choosing the right cannabis sativa derivative for you. Here’s a breakdown of the key differences between the two cannabinoids.
Psychoactivity is an important factor to consider when discussing the differences between THC and CBD.
THC is the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis. It produces the “high” associated with marijuana by binding with the cannabinoid receptors in the brain. THC has been more heavily studied, which gives some users more confidence in this specific substance.
CBD, on the other hand, does not produce any psychoactive effects. This means that it does not produce the same “high” as THC as it doesn’t bind to brain receptors similarly. It’s not associated with any feelings of euphoria or altered consciousness. CBD still needs to be studied more to understand its effects and what it truly offers.
The legal status of THC and CBD varies greatly depending on the region and country, so it is important to research the laws in the country you are in before using either compound.
- In the United States, (delta-9) THC is considered a Schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act and is illegal under federal law. However, individual states may allow for medical or recreational use and, in some cases, both. CBD, on the other hand, is not listed as a controlled substance and is legal in all 50 states. Delta-8 THC and similar cannabinoids are federally legal but subject to state laws.
- In Europe, THC is generally illegal, but CBD is legal in most countries.
- In Canada, both THC and CBD are legal for medicinal and recreational use, but each province has its own set of regulations.
- In Australia and New Zealand, THC is illegal, but CBD is legal for medicinal use.
It is important to stay informed about the legal status of THC and CBD in your area, as it may change at any time.
The medical uses of THC and CBD are one of the most discussed topics when it comes to cannabis. Both compounds have been found to have potential medical benefits and can be used to treat a variety of conditions. That being said, it’s crucial you speak with a medical professional before using either to treat any condition.
THC is primarily used to treat pain, nausea, and appetite loss associated with certain medical conditions. It has also been used to treat muscle spasms and seizures, as well as to reduce inflammation and anxiety. Additionally, THC has been used to treat symptoms of PTSD, depression, and anxiety.
CBD is primarily employed recreationally by users to address conditions such as epilepsy (there is one FDA-approved medication designed for rare forms of epilepsy), chronic pain, and inflammation. It may also effectively address nervousness, boost mood, and make it easier to fall asleep.
The effects of THC and CBD vary widely depending on the type, concentration, and method of consumption.
In general, THC produces a psychoactive effect that can make users feel relaxed, euphoric, and even sleepy. Alternatively, It can also cause feelings of anxiety, paranoia, and confusion for some users.
CBD does not produce a psychoactive effect. Instead, some users simply state that they feel at ease when they take it.
Dosage plays a big role in the experience, however. Higher doses of THC can result in an intense psychoactive experience while higher doses of CBD may just make one feel more tired.
Drug testing is an important consideration when it comes to THC and CBD. THC is the compound that is most commonly tested for in drug tests as it is the psychoactive component of cannabis and can affect other people in the workplace or beyond.
THC can stay in the system for up to 30 days or longer, depending on the amount consumed and the frequency of use.
On the other hand, CBD is not usually tested for in drug tests, as it does not produce any psychoactive effects.
However, if a drug test is specifically designed to detect CBD, it is possible to detect it in the system for up to a week or longer, depending on the type of test used. It is important to note that if you are taking CBD products with trace amounts of THC, it is possible that this could show up in drug tests and lead to a positive result. Therefore, it is important to be aware of the THC content in any CBD products you are consuming.
Ways To Consume
The most common way to consume THC and CBD is through smoking or vaping. This method is the quickest way to feel the effects of the compounds and is the most popular method of consumption. Smoking or vaping cannabis is also the most efficient way to get the full range of compounds found in the plant.
Another popular way to consume THC and CBD is through edibles. Edibles are food items that have been infused with either THC or CBD, and they can be a great way to enjoy the effects of cannabis without having to smoke or vape. Edibles can come in a variety of forms, from gummies and chocolates to baked goods and drinks.
Speaking to CBD specifically, oils and tinctures seem to be one of the more popular formats for recreational users.
How It's Made
CBD and THC are both produced in the plant’s trichomes, the small, crystal-like hairs that cover the buds and leaves. The process of extracting CBD and THC from the plant is similar, but the end product can vary depending on the strain and the desired outcome.
The most common method of extraction is called carbon dioxide (CO2) extraction. In this process, CO2 gas is passed through the plant material at high pressure and low temperatures. This process separates the cannabinoids from the plant material and collects them in a concentrated form. This method is safe and efficient, producing a high-quality end product.
Another method of extraction is called solvent extraction. This process uses a solvent such as ethanol or butane to separate the cannabinoids from the plant material. The solvent is then evaporated, leaving behind a concentrated extract. This method is usually used to produce oils, tinctures, and edibles.
Can THC And CBD Be Used Together?
The answer is yes, they can. Both THC and CBD are found in cannabis and hemp plants, and they can work together to provide a variety of health benefits. When used together, these two compounds can create a powerful synergy that can enhance the effects of each individual compound (although some believe CBD may blunt the impact of THC).
It’s important to note that the effects of THC and CBD can vary depending on the ratio of the two compounds used. For example, a higher ratio of THC to CBD can produce more psychoactive effects, while a higher ratio of CBD to THC can produce more calming and anti-anxiety effects.
It’s important to talk to your doctor or healthcare provider before trying any combination of THC and CBD, as different ratios can have different effects. It’s also important to consider the laws regarding THC in your area before you attempt to buy any CBD products containing THC.
Choosing Which One Is Better For You
So, which should you choose? THC or CBD?
Here are a few things to consider when deciding which one is right for you.
- What are you trying to achieve? THC is known to produce psychoactive effects while CBD is not. If you are looking for a more recreational experience, then THC may be the better option. However, if you are looking for more therapeutic benefits, such as relief from pain and inflammation, then CBD may be a better choice.
- Consider the legal status of each compound. THC is a Schedule I drug and is illegal in most states, while CBD is legal in most states. If you live in a state where THC is not legal, then CBD may be the better option. You may also look to other cannabinoids like delta-8 if you want a THC experience but can’t access delta-9.
- Weigh the potential side effects of each compound. THC can cause feelings of anxiety and paranoia in some users. CBD, on the other hand, only has minor side effects experienced by some users and is considered to be a generally safe substance for most. If you are prone to anxiety or paranoia, then CBD may be the better choice for you.
While both substances hail from the same plant, CBD and THC are significantly different from one another. Both can make you feel more relaxed and sleepy, lift your spirits, and reduce feelings of discomfort, but CBD lacks THC's psychotropic qualities.
There are various varieties of CBD and THC. Knowing the type you are using is important because some may contain traces of THC. Learning more about CBD and THC can help you make informed decisions about what you choose to shop for CBD products.
When you are ready, BATCH is here to help! BATCH prides itself on offering a high-quality CBD experience defined by our organic, non-GMO hemp grown locally in Wisconsin. We make it easier to get started with superior customer support, free shipping on orders over $25, and free returns or exchanges within 30 days of purchase!
Ready for more mind-blowing insights? Check out the articles below:
- Why Is CBD Expensive? 9 Reasons That Make CBD Oil Expensive But Worth It
- No THC CBD Oil: Why You Should Consider Full Spectrum
- THC Tincture 101: Is It Stronger Than Edibles?
- Blessing, E. M., Steenkamp, M. M., Manzanares, J., & Marmar, C. R. (2015, September 4). Cannabidiol as a Potential Treatment for Anxiety Disorders. Neurotherapeutics; Springer Science+Business Media. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13311-015-0387-1
- Mack, A. (2000). MARIJUANA AND PAIN. Marijuana as Medicine? - NCBI Bookshelf. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK224384/
- Nagarkatti, P. S., Pandey, R., Rieder, S. A., & Hegde, V. L. (2009, October 21). Cannabinoids as novel anti-inflammatory drugs. Future Medicinal Chemistry; Future Science Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4155/fmc.09.93
- Ruehle, S., Rey, A. D., Remmers, F., & Lutz, B. (2012, January 1). The endocannabinoid system in anxiety, fear memory and habituation. Journal of Psychopharmacology; SAGE Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269881111408958
Does CBD make your eyes red?
No, CBD does not cause red eyes. Red eyes are a common side effect of consuming THC, which is the psychoactive compound found in cannabis. CBD does not produce the same psychoactive or physical side effects as THC.
Is CBD addictive?
No, CBD is not considered to be addictive. CBD does not produce the same psychoactive effects as THC and does not have the same addictive potential. In fact, some studies have pointed to the possibility that CBD may even help reduce the symptoms of addiction and withdrawal. But more research is needed.
How long do CBD and THC stay in your system?
The amount of time that CBD and THC stay in your system depends on a variety of factors, including how much you consume and how quickly your body processes the compounds. Generally, THC can stay in your system for up to a month, while CBD may stay in your system for up to a week.