Full-spectrum is one of the most popular buzzwords in the CBD industry, but what does it mean? It appears front and center on many CBD products, including BATCH, but why? What is the so-called Entourage Effect and why is it so important? While CBD itself offers a range of potential health benefits, researchers and enthusiasts alike are increasingly turning their attention to the Entourage Effect associated with full spectrum CBD. This fascinating phenomenon suggests that the combined presence of cannabinoids and terpenes in the cannabis plant may lead to enhanced therapeutic effects. In this article, we delve into the entourage effect, exploring how cannabinoids and terpenes work harmoniously to create a more comprehensive wellness experience.

Understanding Cannabinoids and Terpenes

To grasp the concept of the entourage effect, it's crucial to understand the two main players involved: cannabinoids and terpenes. Cannabinoids are the active compounds found in cannabis, with CBD and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) being the most well-known. However, the cannabis plant contains over 100 different cannabinoids, such as CBN and CBG, each potentially offering unique health benefits. Terpenes, on the other hand, are aromatic compounds responsible for the plant's distinct fragrance. In fact, terpenes are the primary difference between BATCH's different tincture blends. However, terpenes are not exclusive to cannabis and can be found in various plants, contributing to flavors and scents in nature.

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Cannabinoids: The Chemical Messengers

Cannabinoids are chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant. They interact with the endocannabinoid system (ECS), a complex network of receptors and neurotransmitters that plays a crucial role in maintaining various physiological functions, including mood, pain sensation, appetite, and immune response. 


The two most well-known cannabinoids are cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). While THC is responsible for the psychoactive effects associated with cannabis consumptions, CBD is non-psychoactive and has gained significant attention for its potential therapeutic benefits. However, the cannabis plant contains numerous other cannabinoids, each with its own potential health benefits. 

Terpenes: Aromas and Beyond

Terpenes are aromatic compounds that contribute to the unique smell and flavor of various plants, including cannabis. They are produced in the same glandular trichomes as cannabinoids and serve various ecological functions. Beyond their aromatic properties, terpenes may also have therapeutic effects of their own. More importantly, terpenes are what give cannabis strains their unique effects such as uplifted, relaxed or sleepy. In cannabis, terpenes are not only responsible for the distinctive scents of different strains but also play a role in modulating the effects of cannabinoids. This interaction is a key factor in the Entourage Effect.  

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The Entourage Effect: Synergistic Harmony

The Entourage Effect refers to the synergistic interaction between cannabinoids and terpenes when they are consumed together. This interaction is believed to enhance the overall therapeutic potential of cannabis products. The idea is that the combined presence of multiple cannabinoids and terpenes creates a more comprehensive and effective wellness experience compared to isolating individual compounds. 


Researchers have found that different combinations of cannabinoids and terpenes can produce varying effects. For example, a strain rich in the terpene limonene might have a mood-boosting and uplifting effect, while a strain with high levels of the terpene myrcene might have a more relaxing and sedative effect. By carefully selecting and combining specific cannabinoids and terpenes, growers and manufacturers can tailor cannabis products to target specific concerns.


Your ECS regulates a wide range of biological processes (sleep, appetite, memory, immune function, pain response to name a few). By pairing CBD with other compounds that interact with the ECS, it increases the effectiveness of CBD. Dr. Ethan Russo is a leader in medicinal cannabis research and has shared multiple papers supporting the Entourage Effect. Many users have experienced little to no benefit from CBD isolate products, but have been helped greatly by full-spectrum products due to the Entourage Effect.

Defining Full-Spectrum

Full-spectrum products contains CBD along with all the other minor cannabinoids and terpenes naturally produced by the hemp plant. That is, it contains the full-spectrum of hemp compounds. Fitting name, right? This is in contrast to broad-spectrum and isolate products. Broad-spectrum products contain CBD and all minor cannabinoids except THC. Isolate products contain only CBD. Full-spectrum oils are the truest representation of the hemp plant, and the most therapeutic.

Balancing Act: THC and CBD

Full-spectrum CBD oil containing THC and other cannabinoids is far superior to CBD oils containing just CBD. THC contributes greatly to the therapeutic effects of CBD, even in low concentrations that don’t lead to intoxication (e.g. 0.3% for hemp products). This is due to the Entourage Effect. 


The entourage effect is particularly relevant when considering the interplay between THC and CBD. While THC has its own therapeutic potential, its psychoactive properties can be undesirable for some individuals. CBD, on the other hand, is non-psychoactive and may counteract some of the unwanted effects of THC, such as anxiety and paranoia. When both cannabinoids are present in a full spectrum product, they can work together to potentially enhance the benefits of each while mitigating adverse effects.

Choosing Full-Spectrum CBD Products

Understanding the intricate relationship between cannabinoids and terpenes is essential for appreciating the full potential of the cannabis plant. The entourage effect highlights the importance of considering the entire profile of compounds in cannabis products rather than focusing solely on individual components. As research continues to uncover the complexities of these interactions, consumers can make more informed choices to harness the power of the entourage effect for their well-being. 


When selecting a full-spectrum CBD product, it's important to choose products from a reputable and transparent brand. Look for products that have published lab results (preferably from a trusted third-party lab). This will ensure that you know exactly what you're getting. Full-spectrum CBD offers a more comprehensive approach to CBD by harnessing the potential benefits of multiple cannabinoids, terpenes, and other plant compounds. This holistic approach is believed to maximize therapeutic potential of the cannabis plant and provide a more well-rounded wellness experience. 

August 28, 2023 — Griffin Lynch

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